Key Stage 1 - SATS

What are Key Stage 1 SATS?

Taken from Information for parents Department of Education 2019 -

Your child's teacher is responsible for assessing your childs standards in English reading, English writing, mathematics and science, by the end of Key Stage 1.

To help inform those judgements, pupils sit national curriculum tests in English and mathematics, commonly called SATs.

They may also sit an optional test in English grammar, punctuation and spelling.

What are these tests for?

The tests are a tool for teachers to help them measure your child’s performance and identify their needs as they move into key stage 2.

They also allow teachers to see how your child is performing against national expected standards.

When are the tests taken?

The tests can be taken any time during May and they are not strictly timed.

Pupils may not even know they are taking them as many teachers will incorporate them into everyday classroom activities.

What papers do they sit?

SubjectTest Paper




Short text and questions

Long text with separate questions





Mathematical reasoning


English, grammar, punctuation

and spelling (optional test)



Punctuation and grammar (including vocabulary)

Teachers will use the results from these tests, along with the work your child has done throughout the year, to help them reach their own judgements about how your child is progressing at the end of Key Stage 1.

These teacher assessment judgements will be reported to you by the end of the summer term.

KS1 SATs scores explained

For KS1 SATs your childs score will be translated into a scaled score, where a score of 100 means the child is working at the expected standard.

A score below 100 indicates that the child needs more support.

A score of above 100 suggests the child is working at a higher level than expected for their age.

The maximum score possible is 115, and the minimum is 85.

Teachers are given conversion tables to translate your child's raw scores into scaled scores. Teachers will then use these scores to inform their teacher assessment.

The score that your child is given may not be the result they achieved in their SATs, but a score based on SATs results, classwork and the teacher's observations.

How can I help my child prepare at home?

Children will not know they are having SATs and the word 'SATs' will not mean anything to your child, your child's teacher will make sure that all children feel like they are completing normal class work.

They are not strictly timed. They can be stopped if needed.

The results are used by teachers and schools as a way to check against national averages, measuring what has been understood and retained by each child.

You can complete homework that your child may have been set and enforce the learning they are doing within school.


2019 KS1 SATs Papers - English Grammar Punctuation and Spelling

English Grammar Punctuation and Spelling Test Paper 1 - Spelling  Click here

English Grammar Punctuation and Spelling Test Paper 2 - Questions  Click here 

English Grammar Punctuation and Spelling - Test mark schemes  Click here 


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